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 Feature Industry Articles 
Monday, June 03 2019
Call Center Location Trend Report 2019

By  King R. White, CEO, Site Selection Group, LLC


As companies seek to find the optimal location for their call center operations, understanding historic growth trends can help to develop onshore, nearshore and offshore location strategies. In 2018, Site Selection Group identified 310 new and expanding call center projects that created 145,847 jobs as well as 107 call center projects involving 21,966 jobs that were downsizing or closing their facilities. By analyzing this data, Site Selection Group has identified regional location trends that are summarized in this report. 

The call center industry continues to expand globally as companies seek the optimal balance of labor availability, labor costs, geopolitical stability and business climate. The Call Center Location Trend Report provides an analysis of global location trends to help you understand the onshore, nearshore and offshore geographies that might be the best location for your next call center. 

Global Call Center Industry Growth Continues Across All Regions

The call center industry continues to shift jobs to and from onshore, nearshore and offshore geographies. With the current trend of onshoring taking center stage, the United States led overall growth with 153 projects announced with 49,092 jobs due to strong economic conditions and corporate reshoring initiatives. The Philippines and India led in job creation in the offshore regions. The Philippines reported 29 projects creating 31,351 jobs and India had 20 projects involving 18,200 jobs. Nearshore destinations in Latin America and the Caribbean had significant growth by creating 25,055 jobs at 34 announced projects. The following pie charts summarize the growth of call centers across the world:

U.S. Call Center Growth Remained Stable and Created Over 49,000 Jobs

The demand for quality customer service and trending of onshore call center expansion in the United States continued during 2018. As in years past, many companies reshored operations from the Philippines, India and other offshore markets as they sought to improve quality levels despite higher costs. Site Selection Group estimates that 153 call centers opened or expanded within the United States. These centers created 49,092 jobs which decreased from 66,231 in 2017. This growth has caused many labor markets to become tighter and put wage pressure on employers. The Southeast and Southwest regions of the U.S. accounted for the majority of the growth generally due to more attractive labor conditions, lower operating costs and availability of economic incentives. The following pie charts provide a summary of expansion data within the United States.

The Closure and Downsizing of Call Centers Continues to Slow Across The United States

Despite the expanding economy and continued reshoring initiatives, the United States continues to see call center operations close and downsize for a variety of reasons. The total job loss in the call center industry in the United States was approximately 16,253 jobs. Since 49,092 jobs were added in opening and expansions, the United States had an estimated net gain of 32,839 jobs in this sector in 2018. 

The following charts provide a summary of contraction data within the United States.

Top 20 U.S. Call Center Project Announcements

To help understand what companies are expanding in the United States, Site Selection Group has identified the top 20 largest announcements in the table below.

Nearshore Latin America Region Continues to Grow Due to Low Cost Structure, Accessibility, Bilingual Skills and Political Stability

Latin America has now become a serious contender in the site selection game over the last decade. Companies are actively setting up operations in the region. Most of these projects stem from the need to consolidate pan-Latin America operations or serve customers in high-cost locations such as the United States. Within the Latin America and Caribbean region, Jamaica was a real hotspot with significant growth while Central America countries such as Costa Rica, Guatemala, and Honduras continued to attract many call centers. Mexico and Columbia must also be noticed as they have become extremely active with expansion.

Top 20 Nearshore Call Center Project Announcements

To help understand what companies are expanding in these offshore and onshore destinations, Site Selection Group has identified the top 20 largest announcements in the table below.

India and the Philippines Dominate Offshore Region but Growth is Slowing

India and the Philippines continue to dominate offshore industry growth. In India, there have been a push for more rural call center expansion due to lower cost and marketing efforts of the government to create jobs in rural India. While in the Philippines, the region has successfully attracted higher-end, non-voice operations such as software development, shared service centers and other knowledge processing operations. The growth of these back-office operations in the Philippines is creating new challenges for companies trying to attract the best talent, reduce employee attrition and control labor costs, not to mention the recent impact of changes to the PEZA economic incentive program and the Chinese sports betting companies. 

Top 20 Offshore Call Center Project Announcements

To help understand what companies are expanding in these offshore and onshore destinations, Site Selection Group has identified the top 20 largest announcements in the table below.

Business Process Outsourcing, Financial Services and Telecommunications Sectors Lead the Call Center Industry’s Growth

The call center sector’s growth has been fueled by growth industries such as business process outsourcing (BPO), financial services and retail/eCommerce. Other industries such as technology, healthcare and telecommunications are also contributing to the industry’s growth. The BPO sector had the greatest market activity with 107,122 jobs announced during 2018. The BPO sector was followed by financial services (9,940 jobs), retail (7,370 jobs), technology (4,820 jobs), healthcare (4,523 jobs) and telecommunications (2,690 jobs). The following chart provides a summary of the industry’s growth trends.


Finding the optimal location for expansion continues to be a complicated question and requires extensive analysis to figure out the right answer. Based on the analysis conducted by Site Selection Group, it is clear that the United States, India, the Philippines and Latin America have been established as the dominate geographies for an onshore, nearshore and offshore global footprint for U.S.-based companies; however, Eastern Europe and to some extent, Africa, continue to serve a role for companies needing additional languages or other skills sets beyond voice-related call center operations. To help you develop a call center location strategy aligned to your goals and objectives, contact one of our global call center site selection experts to find the optimal location for you. 

About the Author:

King White is CEO and founder of Site Selection Group. He manages the daily operations of Site Selection Group including strategic planning, account management, business development, marketing and corporate operations. King has over 20 years of experience in site selection, economic incentives and corporate real estate across the globe. He has completed over 1,000 projects including call centers, data centers, distribution centers, headquarters, manufacturing plants, retail and information technology operations. Under his direction, Site Selection Group has become one of the largest independent full-service location advisory, economic incentive and corporate real estate services firms.  

King’s intense focus on driving innovation has enabled him to develop industry-leading products including GeoCision®, LaborCast® and IncenTrak®. He is continually cited by numerous global publications as a thought leader, written over 100 blogs on global location trends and received numerous awards from a variety of organizations.       

Prior to the formation of Site Selection Group, King was a principal and founder of the Corporate Site Selection and Economic Incentives Division of Trammell Crow Company. This division was responsible for providing global site selection and economic incentive services to Trammell Crow’s corporate customers. During his ten year tenure at Trammell Crow Company, King developed his long term vision of what has become Site Selection Group. 

Professional Involvement and Awards

  • Exis Global, Chairman, Board Member and Executive Committee
  • Member, Vistage CEO Network 
  • Member, CORENET
  • Member, Industrial Asset Management Committee (IAMC)
  • Dallas Business Journal – Top 40 Under 40
  • Dallas Business Journal, Heavy Hitter Award – Multiple Years
  • CoStar Power Broker – Multiple Years
  • Member, Southern Methodist University Alumni Association
  • Major Donor, Southern Methodist University Tennis Facility


Bachelor of Arts, Political Science with concentration in Business Administration, Southern Methodist University, 1995  

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